请大家看一下这道语法题有关句子成分划分.原题为;Often the design of a scholarly investigation _____by the question it is addressing.(A) to affect(B) affects(C) affected(D) will be affected谓语动词被动.但是我不明白the

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请大家看一下这道语法题有关句子成分划分.原题为;Often the design of a scholarly investigation _____by the question it is addressing.(A) to affect(B) affects(C) affected(D) will be affected谓语动词被动.但是我不明白the

请大家看一下这道语法题有关句子成分划分.
原题为;
Often the design of a scholarly investigation _____by the question it is addressing.
(A) to affect
(B) affects
(C) affected
(D) will be affected
谓语动词被动.但是我不明白the question it is addressing是什么?是省略that的宾语从句?如果是这个宾语从句怎么还原?并且整句话如何解释,请大家看看.

答案选D你知道为什么吧?因为主语designof a scholarly investigation和谓语动词affect之间是被动关系,被影响,只有D是被动语态的将来时态.
后面那个it is addressing 是一个定语从句,省略了关联词which/that.因为关联词做address的宾语.这里的address是“提出”或“处理”的意思.it 指代主语design of a scholarly investigation

是省略引导词that/ which的定语从句
Often the design of a scholarly investigation will be affected by the question.
It (The scholarly investigation) is addressing the question 【address 处理】

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